Pocket Reduction Surgery
Pocket reduction surgery is a term used for different surgeries that are conducted to gain access to teeth roots with the aim of removing clogged tartar and bacteria. Plague contains harmful bacteria that produces acids, demineralizes tooth enamel and causes periodontal infections. In turn, periodontal infections destroy gum tissues and bones by invading the subgingival area. As the tissue gets destroyed, gum pockets form and deepen between teeth and gums. Pocket reduction surgery is conducted to alleviate the destructive periodontal disease cycle while reducing the bacteria hosting pockets.
Reasons for Pocket Reduction Surgery
Reducing spread of bacteria: oral bacteria is connected with serious conditions like stroke, diabetes and heart disease. It travels to different parts of the body via the bloodstream and begins to colonize them. Hence, it is crucial to maintain good oral health and keep harmful mouth bacteria low.
Halting bone loss: oral bacteria induces chronic inflammatory response that triggers the body to destroy bone tissue. Teeth lose their firm anchor once the jawbone is affected by periodontal infection and they may require extraction to regain the rigid anchor.
Facilitate home care: gum pockets become hard to clean as they get deeper. Dental floss and toothbrush cannot reach gum pocket bottoms where bacteria that causes periodontal disease hides.
Enhancing the smile: oral cavity that has been severely affected by periodontal infections is not pleasing to look at because it is marred by rotting teeth, ridge indentations and brown gums. Pocket reduction surgery stops gum diseases to restore a beautiful smile.
What Does Pocket Reduction Surgery Entail?
Before recommending pocket reduction surgery, your Lake Elsinore dentist must conduct thorough x-ray and visual examinations to assess the condition of the gums, teeth and underlying bones in the affected areas. The surgery is conducted under local or general anaesthesia.
During the procedure, the gums are pulled back from the teeth to allow removal of tartar and bacteria. Scaling and root planning may be required in order to fully eliminate tartar from tooth root surface. If the root does not become completely smooth after cleaning, a planning procedure is conducted to ensure that gums reattach to a smooth and even surface after healing. An antimicrobial liquid is administered to promote healing and kill any remaining bacteria. The gum is then stitched and reviewed after 5 to 10 days.