Receding gums or gingival recession is the progressive loss of gum tissue that eventually causes tooth root exposure if not addressed accordingly. Gum recession is common among adults above 40 years but it can present during teenage years. It can be hard to diagnose since gum changes occur gradually and asymptomatically. Hence, Dr. Kal Eissa, DDS, recommends regular dental check-ups to examine risk factors and preclude gum recession.
Gum Recession Symptoms
Tooth sensitivity: when the gum recede leaving the cementum exposed, the dentin tubules become susceptible to stimuli.
Visible roots: this signifies severe gum recession.
Longer looking teeth: people with gingival recession tend to have toothy smiles. Since the gum tissue has been lost, teeth appear to be longer than usual.
Inflammation, bleeding and halitosis: these are common symptoms of periodontal infections and gingivitis. Bacterial infections cause gums to recede and may cause tooth loss if not treated.
Gum Recession Causes
Gum recession is a common dental problem that Dr. Kal Eissa, DDS diagnoses and treats daily in Lake Elsinore. Thorough examination of the affected area precedes diagnosis and determination of possible causes of gum recession.Common gum recession causes include;
Overaggressive brushing: brushing too hard and using hard bristle tooth brush erodes tooth enamel at the gum line hence, gum recession.
Poor oral hygiene: plague build ups contain bacterial toxins that infect and erode underlying jawbones.
Chewing tobacco: tobacco chewing aggravates the gingival lining to cause gum recession.
Periodontal disease: periodontal disease is caused by poor oral hygiene or diabetic complications that create the ideal breeding conditions for oral bacteria. Bacteria cause oral infections that affect deep gum and bone tissue resulting to gum recession and tooth loss.
Gum Recession Treatment
Every gum recession case is different and should be treated differently. However, treatment begins with determining the cause of gum recession. If aggressive brushing is the cause, your dentist will recommend using a soft tooth brush and gentle brushing techniques. Professional dental cleaning may be recommended to eliminate bacteria and debris when poor hygiene is eminent. In case of tartar, scaling and root planning is performed to clean teeth and heal gingival inflammation.
After addressing the cause of gum recession, your Lake Elsinore dentist may recommend surgery to restore a beautifully smile. Gum grafting and gum tissue regeneration are commonly used to restore natural gums symmetry.