Facial trauma, ill-fitting dentures and periodontal diseases are the main causes of bone loss in the onset of oral cavity. Bone grafting is a dental procedure that is done to correct bone tissue loss as well as encourage growth of natural bone. It is also done to develop a stable dental implant base and to stop progression of gum diseases.
Types of Dental Bone Grafts
Autogenous bone graft: A bone is removed from another part of the body and is implanted in the affect area. Common bone donors sites include; iliac section, the chin or the posterior third molar jaw area. When large amounts of the bone are required, they are extracted from the tibia or the hip bone.
Allograft: this procedure utilizes a synthetic bone that is made in a dental laboratory or obtained from the bone bank.
Xenograft: it entails implantation of the bovine bone.
Reasons for Bone Grafting
Dental Implants: dental implants must be anchored on the jawbone firmly. Therefore, if the jawbone is not of the right quality or quantity, bone grafting is done to thicken and strengthen the dental implantation site.
Sinus Lift: sinus lift elevate the sinus membrane. Bone grafting is applied on the sinus floor to ensure that the elevating implant is securely placed and strong.
Ridge Augmentation: bone ridges occur due to birth defects, trauma, severe periodontal disease or injury. Bone grafting is applied to fill the ridge and ensure that the jawbone is uniformly shaped.
Nerve Repositioning: bone grafting is required when inferior alveolar nerves must be moved to allow successful placement of implants.
What is bone Grafting Treatment?
Bone grafting is a simple dental procedure that is mainly done under local anaesthesia and general anaesthesia when grafting large bone areas. The required grafting material must be prepared or harvested. Your Lake Elsinore dentist makes a small incision in the gum tissue and separates it from the bone. The grafting material is then carefully placed on the affected area. The procedure may be aided by;
Bone/gum tissue regeneration: a thin membrane is placed over the bone grafting materials and below the gum line. The membrane is used to create space for healthy tissue growth while separating fast growing gum tissue from slow growing gum fibers. Therefore, bone cells move to the protected area and trigger natural growth.
Tissue stimulating proteins: a matrix protein product known as Emdogainis placed on the affected gum area before it is sutured. It triggers the formation of tooth accellularcementum that strengthens the foundation required for successful periodontal attachments.
Platelet rich growth factors: they are used to stimulate bone growth an offer a denser graft within a short period.
Bone grafting is a common dental procedure. However, your Lake Elsinore dentist will recommend follow-up appointments to assess progress during the first two week.