Antibiotic Treatment for Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease causes severe inflammation and tooth loss if not addressed on time. Its mode of treatment is determined by its severity and may include; curettage surgery, root planning and scaling combined with antibiotic treatment in a bid to reduce bacteria before or after any of the procedures. Note that, antibiotics can be used as a standalone treatment.
Periodontal antibiotic treatments are available in different forms like topical gels that are applied to the gum pockets and oral tablets. Antibiotic treatments are specifically effective in treating juvenile periodontal disease, acute periodontal infection, prepubertal periodontal disease and refractory periodontal disease.
Antibiotics for periodontal treatment can be prescribed for long term or short term use based on the type and severity of the disease. Long term users require a low dose that prevents the harmful bacteria from re-colonizing and triggering a recurrence of the periodontal infection.
Oral Antibiotic Treatment
Oral antibiotics are rarely prescribed because they affect the entire body. However, there are a few oral antibiotics that are used to treat periodontal diseases. They include;
Tetracycline antibiotics: it is a major periodontal treatment drug that contains; doxycycline, minocycline and tetracycline hydrochloride. Its treatment is highly effective because the drugs have anti-inflammation properties, antibacterial properties and the ability to block collagenase.
Macrolide antibiotics: this antibiotic treatment is used to reduce inflammation and bacterial growth.
Metronidazole: it is used together with tetracycline or amoxicillin to alleviate inflammation and bacteria growth in severe periodontal infections.
Topical strips and gels
Topical strips and gels are preferred over oral antibiotics because they are applied directly to the affected area and do not affect the entire body. However, they are more effective when used after root planning or scaling procedures. Commonly used topical strips and gels include;
Atridox: it is adoxycyclie gel that solidifies over the gum surfaces and releases antibiotic medication gradually after a few days.
Periochip: this is a chip that is placed in the gum pocket after a successful root planning procedure. It gradually releases an antibacterial antiseptic known aschlorhexidinethat works by reducing pocket depth among periodontal sufferers.
Actisite: it is a thin strip that contains tetracycline hydrochloride and resembles a dental floss. It is placed between the affected tooth and the gum in order to reduce gum pockets by killing bacteria. To ensure that it works effectively, a number of Actisite threads may be placed on the affected area for about 10 days.
Elyzol: this periodontal antibiotic treatment is available in strip and gel form. It works by destroying oral bacteria and parasites.
Arestin: it contains minocycline and is applied on gums after a successful root planning and scaling procedure.
Periodontal diseases and infections improve significantly once the right antibiotic treatment is used. Your Lake Elsinore dentist will recommend the ideal antibiotic treatment based on your oral health history and severity of your infection.