Periodontics is a dental specialty that focuses on diagnosis, treatment and prevention or periodontal diseases that affect jawbones and the gums. Gum tissues support the teeth while the jawbones anchor the teeth firmly in their position. To qualify as a periodontist, dentists must complete additional training years where they specialize in maintaining the functionality, aesthetics and health of the jawbones and gum tissues.
Periodontal disease is a progressive oral condition that starts as a mild gum inflammation known as gingivitis before developing to the advanced and serious periodontal infection. Periodontal infections are the leading cause of teeth loss among adults. Its signs include; swollen, red, bleeding and painful gums that become noticeable once the disease starts progressing. Periodontal infections are caused by harmful bacteria found in plaque that hides around teeth, above and below the gumline. Eventually, periodontal infections cause jawbone recession and teeth loss.
Reasons for Periodontal Treatment
- Moderate or advanced gum diseases that are characterised redness, swelling and bleeding around the teeth and jawbone recession.
- Localized gum recession that is either caused by poor teeth positioning or aggressive brushing.
- Before a crown lengthening procedure your Lake Elsinore periodontists removes the surrounding soft tissue to achieve more tooth enamel exposure.
- Ridge augmentation: also known as recontouring, ridge augmentation corrects uneven gumline problems. Bacterial infections must be treated before a ridge augmentation procedure.
The periodontist always focuses on curing periodontal infections and any other underlying dental problems that may be triggering the infections. Once, the infections are treated successfully, your periodontist will recommend the ideal home oral care methods to ensure that infections do not reoccur. In case of advanced periodontal diseases, deep scaling may be necessary to eliminate bacterial plaque and tartar from gum tissues and teeth. Intensive teeth cleaning may be required if the jawbone has regressed and loose teeth may have to be removed.
Despite the severity of your periodontal disease, your Lake Elsinore periodontist will apply their expertise to restore your oral health and functionality even when teeth are affected. After treatment, patients must adhere to strict oral health care and maintenance to ensure that bacteria and tartar build-up does not reoccur.