What is a Malocclusion?
A malocclusion is a general teeth misalignment or an incorrect relationship or the mandible and maxilla. Malocclusions are common and are experienced by most people to some degree. However, poor dental alignment is attributed to poor oral habits and genetics. Malocclusions are treated by orthodontists; dentists who specialise in alleviating facial irregularities and malocclusions.
Classifications of malocclusion
Class I: an occlusion is evident but other teeth may have overcrowding or spacing problems.
Class II: this is an overbite where the upper teeth are positioned forward than the lower teeth. It results from interior teeth protrusion and lateral teeth overlapping the central teeth.
Class III: it is an underbite malocclusion that results from lower teeth being positioned fur from the upper teeth. It occurs when the maxillary bone is short or jawbone is larger.
Why treat malocclusion
Severe malocclusion causes skeletal disharmony of the lower face. As such, a Lake Elsinore orthodontist may sometimes have to work with a maxillofacial dentist when reconstructing the jaw. Reasons for malocclusion treatment;
Reduces teeth decay risk: malocclusion cause wear on teeth that in turn causes erosion and decay.
Better oral hygiene: overcrowding causes malocclusion and when teeth are competing for space, cleaning the gum and teeth effectively can be difficult. It is easier to clean aligned and straight teeth.
Reduced risk of TMJ: Temporomandibular jaw syndrome (TMJ) is caused by malocclusion when facial pain, headaches and teeth grinding at night puts pressure on the Temporomandibularjoint. Teeth realignment reduces the pressure and eliminates these symptoms.
How malocclusion is treated
Malocclusion is treated using dental braces. Your Lake Elsinore dentist starts by examining you, taking panoramic x-rays and bite impression of the entire mouth before deciding the right treatment options. In case of overcrowding, the orthodontist may recommend extraction to create space for alignment. However, in case of overbites, crossbites or underbites, the following appliances are used.
Fixed multi-bracket braces: these are dental brackets that are cemented to teeth and connected using an archwire that is changed regularly to ensure proper teeth alignment.
Removable devices: these are non-fixed braces that include; palate expanders, headgear and retainers that are used to treat malocclusion.
Invisalign: these are removable and invisible dental aligners that serve the same purpose as fixed dental braces.