Who is an Orthodontist?
An orthodontist is a dentist who specializes in diagnosing and treating dental and facial irregularities like malocclusions. They can treat patients of any age but are mainly limited to general orthodontics and dentofacial orthopaedics. Orthodontists’qualify as dentists before taking an extra three years of university education to train and gain experience in orthodontic procedures. They are regulated by the American Association of Orthodontists.
What an Orthodontist Does
As aforementioned, orthodontists are qualified to correct jaw and teeth misalignments that cause problems like chewing and speech difficulties. Here are a few issues that orthodontists correct.
Anteroposterior deviations: a good example of anteroposterior deviations is underbites and overbites. These are dental deviations that cause chewing and articulation problems.
Overcrowding: overcrowding is a common orthodontic problem that is corrected by realigning teeth with the help of unobtrusive dental devices and treatments.
Aesthetic issues: malocclusions and bad bites affect facial shape negatively. Orthodontists restructure and realign the lips, teeth and jaw to create a beautiful facial shape and even smile.
How Orthodontists Realign Jaws and Teeth
Orthodontists examine the teeth and jaw, recommend panoramic x-rays and study models prior to deciding the treatment options to apply. They them recommend the best treatment plans based on a patient’s dental history. Orthodontic treatments may include use of;
Dental braces: they combine brackets and an archwire to align teeth. They are made of ceramics, metal or clear synthetic materials.
Headgear and facemasks: these are dental devices that correct underbites and overbites. Facemasks and headgears fit around the head and are attached to braces to boost jawbone alignment.
Retainers: retainers are used to retain teeth in their newly acquired position after successful realignment.